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5/7/2009--Sammamish, WA, USA..John Mullen (right), employed as the Snoqualmie tribe's master carver holding a paddle he carved, stands with his brother, Ray Mullen (left) at John's cabin on Beaver Lake in Sammamish...The Snoqualmies--who once dominated Western Washington, controlling the all-important trade route through the Cascades to the sea-- wasn't even recognized by the federal government and had no reservation or land of its own. Their quest for government recognition took decades--years in which they pieced together enough evidence of cohesion to convince the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to recognize them as a "domestic sovereign nation" under federal law--a designation they had lost in 1952 (see sidebar). When they were finally granted this status in 1999, the tribe embarked on a quest to makes its dreams--a reservation that tribal members could call home, world-class health care for Snoqualmies and other Northwest natives, and access to as much education as any individual tribal members would want to pursue--come true...©2009 Stuart Isett. All rights reserved.